PLEASE PROVIDE 2-3 PAGES (DO NOT GO BY WORD COUNT) USE PROPER APA CITATION THROUGHOUT PAPER. INCLUDE SUBHEADING BETWEEN SECTIONS. USE DOUBLE SPACE IN 12 POINT FONT. I WOULD LIKE THE PAPER TO BE ON CYBER-BULLYING. ALSO, USE REFERENCE PROVIDED BELOW.
Application: Hate Crimes
The term â€œhate crimeâ€ is relatively new, having not emerged until the 1980s in journalism and criminal justice discourse. Today, most members of the general public have at least a basic understanding of what this term means and to which types of offenses it refers. A hate crime is commonly defined as â€œa criminal offense committed against persons, property, or society that is motivated, in whole or in part, by an offenderâ€™s bias against an individualâ€™s or a groupâ€™s perceived race, religion, ethnic/national origin, gender, age, disability, or sexual orientationâ€ (Taylor, Fritsch, Leiderbach, & Holt, 2011).
Despite having what seems like a straightforward definition, it is often very difficult to determine whether an offense should be classified as a hate crime. For example, in the Amadou Diallo and Sean Bell cases, police officers acted on assumptions based on race, which is certainly related to bias. But were these cases hate crimes?
For this Assignment, select a case from those presented in this weekâ€™s Learning Resources that depicts a crime based on stereotypes and biases of race, ethnicity, and/or sexual orientation. Consider characteristics that should be present to classify the incident as a hate crime.
The Assignment (2â€“3 pages):
- Identify the case you selected.
- Describe characteristics that must be present for a crime to be considered a hate crime.
- Based on the characteristics you identified, explain whether or not the case you selected might be classified as a hate crime.
- Justify your response with references to the literature and the Learning Resources.
By Day 7, submit your Assignment.
Taylor, W.R., Fritsch, E. J., Liederbach, J., & Holt, T. J. (2011). Digital crime and digital terrorism (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.